*The philosophy and objectives of education
The philosophy of education in the kingdom stems out of the
Jordanian constitution, the Islamic Arab civilization, the principles of the
great Arab Revolt and the Jordanian national experience. This philosophy is
manifested in the following basics:
(a) The intellectual bases:
- 1- Faith
in Almighty God.
- 2- Faith
in the higher ideals of the Arab Nation.
- 3- Islam
is a system of intellectual behavioral ideology that respects man, exalts the
mind and urges for knowledge, work and morality.
- 4- Islam
is a system of wholeness that provides virtuous values and principles that from
the consciousness of both the individual and the group.
(b) The national, bases of pan-Arab and human :
Hashemite kingdom of Jordan is parliamentary, hereditary and monarchic state
where loyalty is for God, the homeland and the king.
Jordan is a part of the Arab Nation and the Jordanian people are indivisible
from the Islamic and the Arab Nations.
Arabic language is an essential pillar in the existence of the Arab Nation; its
unity and renaissance.
Palestine cause is crucial to the Jordanian people.
(c) The social bases:
Jordanians are equal in political, social and economic rights and
responsibilities and are distinguished only by what they contribute to their
society and their belonging to it.
Respect for the individuals freedom and dignity.
Education is a social necessity and a right for all, each according to his
intrinsic abilities and potentials.
(d) General Objectives
objectives of education in the Kingdom emanate from the philosophy of
education, and are exemplified in shaping a citizen; believer in God , adherent
to homeland and nation, endowed by virtues and human aspects, and mature
physically, mentally, spiritually and socially so that each student , by the
end of the educational cycles, shall be able to:
1- Using Arabic language in expressing himself and in
communicating easily with others.
2- Vigilantly Comprehend Facts , concepts and relations
connected with the natural environment both locally and globally and
effectively use them in life.
3- Comprehended Islam as an ideology and Sharia’ and
vigilantly exemplify its values and trends.
4- Vigilantly comprehend technology and acquire skills of
using, producing and developing it, and subjugate this technology to serve the
5- Think objectively and critically and adopt scientific
methods in observation, research and problem-solving.
6- Adhere to citizenship rights and shoulder the related
7- Invest personal potentials and free time in developing
knowledge, innovation, invention, and the sprit of initiative, towards work and
its completion and in innocent entertainment.
(e) The educational policy principles:
policy principles are manifested in the following:
1- Orienting the educational system to have better
suitability to both individual and societal needs, and establishing a balance
2- Emphasizing the importance of political education in the
educational system, and enhancing the principles of participation, justice and
democracy and their practices.
3- Enhancing scientific methodology in planning, conducting
and evaluation of the educational system and developing research, assessment
and follow-up system.
4- Expanding educational type in the educational
institutions to have them involve programs for special education and others for
gifted learners and for those with special needs.
5- Emphasizing the fact that teaching is a message and a
career that has its own ethical and occupational basics.
6- Enhancing pride in the scientific and social status of
the teacher for his distinguished role in building-up the individual and
*The educational cycles and their objectives:
(a) The educational institutions are classified in terms of
their cycles in the following types:
1- The pre-school (kindergarten) cycle of maximum 2-year
2- The basic education cycle of 10-year duration.
3- The secondary education cycle of 2- year duration.
(b) Upon instructions issued by the Minister , it is allowed
1- Accelerating gifted students by reducing the academic
scholastic years needed to accomplish the primary stage for the period that
does not exceed 2 years.
2-Reducing the number scholastic years needed to finish
secondary education in accordance with the semester’s system or according to
foreign programs and does not exceed 3 semesters excluding summer
*The basic education cycle:
(a) Basic education is compulsory and free in the government
(b) a child is accepted in the first year of the basic
education at completing six-year of age by the end of December of the school
year he is enrolls in.
(c) A student is not to be expelled from school before
completing 16 years of age, except for those with health problems stated in a
report and signed by a specialized health committee.
(d) Basic education is the base for education and the
cornerstone for building-up national and pan-Arab unity, developing intrinsic
potentials and attitudes and orienting students accordingly.
(e) This cycle aims at realizing the general objectives of
education and preparing the citizen in all aspects of his personality; physical
,mental, social and spiritual so that he shall be able to:
1- Vigilantly acknowledge Islam’s history , principles,
provisions and values and exemplify them ethically and behaviorally.
2- Acquire the basic skills of the Arabic language so that
he becomes able to use it easily.
3- Realize essential facts relevant to the natural and
geographical environment on the Jordanian, Arab and world levels.
4- Exemplify the social behavioral basics and respect the
traditions, habits and sound values of his society.
5- Love his homeland, feel proud of it and hold the
6- Acquire the basic skills of at least one foreign
7- Comprehend scientific basics of all exposed types of
technology and exploit them in daily life.
*The secondary education cycle:
(a)students enroll in the secondary education cycle
according to their abilities and interests. Secondary education provides
specialized cultural, scientific, and vocational experiences which shall meet
the existing and anticipated needs of the Jordanian society and of such
standard which helps the student continue higher education or join fields of
(b)This cycle aims at building up a citizen who shall be
1- Use his Arabic language to enhance his scientific and
literary knowledge, to consider the constituents of correct linguistic
structure, and to relish the arts of the language.
2- Have cultural identity derived from his nations past and
present civilization, and be aware of the necessity for
3-Conscious openness to world civilization, and contribute to
4- Interact with the culture environment of his society and
work towards its development.
5- Endeavor for the prosperity, eminence and pride of his
country, and for participation in resolving its problems and bringing about its
security and safety.
6- Perform his duties and adhere to his rights.
7- Work with a team spirit, be aware of the bases and forms
of consultation and democracy and apply them in his dealings with others, and
believe in the principles of social justice.
8- be aware of international issues and problems and
perceive the importance of international understanding and peace built on right
9- Master at least one foreign language.
15- Investigate information source and master the processes
related to collecting, storing, and processing data, at well as ways of
benefiting from them.
10- Relish artistic work and express his artistic tendencies
in producing positive artistic works up to the standard of his abilities and
11- Develop himself through self- learning and continues
learning throughout his life.
12- Exemplify Arab and Islamic values and human perfection
in his behavior.
*Secondary education consists of two major streams:
(a) comprehensive secondary education stream with a common
general educational basis, and specialized academic or vocational education;
(b) Applied secondary education stream which is based on
vocational preparation and training.
The conditions for acceptance in secondary education are
determined in accordance with regulations issued by the minister according to
bases decided upon by the council.
Collecting school donations in governmental educational
institutions is permitted for the purpose of promoting the educational process,
in accordance with regulations issued for this purpose.